Agile methodology for project success
With widespread startups, there are a lot of methodologies that appeared in the world of project management, including Agile methodology. So, what does Agile methodology mean? Agile methodology of project management is one of the newly emerging methodologies and it is known as an intellectual methodology that focuses on modern methods of developing software, ideas and basic values to provide products of value in cooperation with a collaborative and multidisciplinary team, as each person in the team has its own role. In 2001, seventeen program and project practitioners showed a special statement of principles of agile methodology that yielded 12 principles but all participants agreed on 4 principles out of 12. Let’s talk in detail about them!
What are the twelve principles of the Agile methodology for project management?
- First: The ultimate goal of applying the methodology is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
- Second: The ability to change project requirements, even in advanced stages of development. Agile methodology focuses on the change for the customer’s competitive advantage.
- Third: Delivering usable products and software at periodic intervals, from two weeks to two months, with applauding a shorter period of time.
- Fourth: Both professionals and developers should work together on a daily basis during the project period and inform each of them of their own workflow steps.
- Fifth: Face to face communication is one of the most effective and effective ways to deliver information to the development team and among its members.
- Sixth: Relying on building projects based on enthusiastic individuals. With providing the suitable environment and the necessary support, and giving them confidence to get the project done.
- Seventh: The Agile methodology encourages sustainable development. Sponsors, developers and users should be able to maintain a consistent pace all the time.
- Eighth: Usable products and software are the main measure of progress.
- Ninth: The constant interest in technical excellence and good design enhances the Agile degree.
- Tenth: Simplicity – the art of reducing unnecessary business – is essential.
- Eleven: The best structures, specifications and designs emanate from self-organizing work teams.
- Twelve: The staff reviews at periodic intervals and how it becomes more effective, then checks and adjusts its behavior accordingly. To learn more about Agile Certified Practioner. To learn more about Agile Certified Practioner ACP Click here
The four basic principles that the team reached in the agile methodology of project management with agile methodology?
- First: individuals and interactions on processes and tools.
- Second: Work program on comprehensive documents
- Third: customer cooperation during contract negotiation
- Fourth: Responding to change after following the plan
Was there a methodology followed before the agile methodology?
There was no doubt that there was a traditional methodology used by companies before the advent of the agile methodology, called the waterfall methodology; What is meant by the waterfall methodology? It is the traditional methodology in project management that was used in the previous era, as it depends on successive phases adopted by one another, so it is not possible to move to another stage without successfully completing the one that precedes it. The phases that the Waterfall methodology goes through are (analysis, design, construction, testing, production, maintenance).
Weaknesses and difficulties associated with the Waterfall methodology?
Although the waterfall methodology worked effectively a long time ago, it had several weaknesses and difficulties. Among them are:
- The waterfall methodology is not suitable for large projects, and the reason is due to the cost of going back to the first phases, which is very large and takes time and human effort.
- The enormous risks that occur in large and complex systems.
- It is very difficult to make any adjustments in the previous phase.
- The waterfall methodology is weak for long-term projects.
- The waterfall methodology is having difficulty choosing the system.
The Scrum methodology is a subsection of the Agile methodology and its main objective is to apply the principles of the Agile methodology. Scrum is the most used and the most common approach. What made this methodology more popular is that it is easy to handle and easy to understand, that is, it is not complicated.
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The Kanban method is a way to design, manage and develop projects. This method allows organizations to start doing the current work and support evolutionary change. Kanban method differs from Scrum in some terms and methods of work and determining the length of time (sprint), but it is similar to it in the frequency in product construction and continuous development in the completion of tasks and delivery of products that have been developed, focusing on a specific number of tasks to be accomplished
4Ds methodology for product development:
The 4Ds methodology for product development came to fill the gap between the Lean methodology and the agile methodology and how to apply it in the right way that helps to develop products and deliver them on time and cost. The 4Ds methodology consists of four tools specifically designed to effectively develop and manage products in four stages:
- Discover: This stage focuses on analyzing and identifying the product features and the benefit it provides.
- Define: This stage focuses on defining the problem and opportunities available and identifying product customers as this includes verifying that this is a real customer problem and will significantly affect businesses and projects with measurable success criteria.
- Design: Once we identify the problem, we start working on solutions. A design solution can take many forms with varying levels of accuracy ranging from setting tables and indicators to working prototypes. It is a good idea to involve the delivery team at the design stage to check the feasibility of the design solution.
- Develop: At this stage the gathered information at the stage of understanding, defining the problem, and testing concepts are taken to the design stage where the development team creates all the models and applies the solutions that have been reached.
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